Bhutan is the only Vajrayana Buddhist nation in the world, and the profound teachings of this tradition remain well preserved and exert a strong influence in all aspects of life. Due to its pristine environment and harmonious society, the tiny Kingdom of Bhutan has been called "The Last Shangrila
Bhutan is a unique country both culturally and environmentally. It has developed the philosophy of Gross National Happiness; where development is measured using a holistic approach of well-being, not just based on the gross domestic product.
It is still termed as a third world country with subsistence farming practiced in much of Bhutan. In broad terms the land is fertile and the population small. In addition, the current generation receives free education, and all citizens have access to free, although rudimentary, medical care. The sale of tobacco products is banned and smoking in public areas is an offense punished with fines.